फर्रुखाबाद

Farrukhabad (Hindi: फ़र्रूख़ाबाद, Urdu: فرخ آباد‎) is a city of central Doab region in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Farrukhabad was founded by Nawab Mohammad Khan Bangash, who named it after the reigning emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1714, the district of Farrukhabad forms part of Kanpur division. The township of Farrukhabad, Fatehgarh consist of two district towns, Farrukhabad and Fatehgarh, the former being the headquarters of the tehsil and the latter forming the headquarters of the district, both lying about 5 km apart. The district as it exists now is bounded by Badaun and Shahjahanpur on the north, Hardoi on the east, Kannauj on the south and district Etah and Mainpuri on the west. Rivers Ganga & Ramganga are located towards the east and Kali Nadi towards the south.

Fatehgarh derives its name from an old fort. Fatehgarh remained a Military Station of considerable importance and in 1802 it became the headquarters of the Governor Generals Agent for the ceded provinces. In 1818 a gun carriage factory was established here.

The Farrukhabad district consist of 3 Tehsils with a total area of 2,28,830 Ha., has 7 Blocks, 512 Gram Panchayats, 1020 Revenue villages, 14 Police Stations, 2 Nagar Palikas and 4 Nagar Panchayats (Town Area) & 1 Cantt. Board with total population of 15.70 Lacs.

Farrukhabad is situated between Lat. 26° 46′ N & 27° 43′ N and Long. 79° 7′ E & 80° 2′ E. The district is bounded by Badaun and Shahjahanpur on the north, Hardoi District on the east, Kannauj District on the south, and Etah and Mainpuri districts on the west. The Ganges River and Ramganga River are located to the east and the Kali River to the south.
<h2><span id=”History” class=”mw-headline”>History</span></h2>
The early history of the region now covered by the present district of Farrukhabad goes back to remote antiquity. During the Bronze Age numerous pre historical weapons and tools were found here. Large numbers of stone statues are found at Sankasya &amp; Kampil. Farrukhabad can claim great antiquity in sculpture. The Aryans settled in this region who were close allies of Kurus. The traditional history of the district from the earliest times till the end of The Mahabharata war is gleaned from the Puranas &amp; Mahabharata.

‘Amavasu’ founded a kingdom, the capital of which later was Kanyakubja (Kannauj). Jahnu was a powerful king since the river Ganga is said to have been named after him as Jahnaui. This region rose into great prominence during the Mahabharata period. Kampilya was the capital of South Panchala and it was here that the famous Svayamvara of Draupadi. The name Panchala being used for the entire region, of which Kampilya (Kampil) was the chief city which has till then been the capital of South Panchala.

Panchala figures as the tenth in the list of the sixteen premier states (Mahajanpada) in the time of Mahavira and Buddha and is said to have comprised the region covered by the present districts of Bareily, Badaun and Farrukhabad. About the middle of the fourth century B.C., probably in the reign of Mahapadma, this territory was annexed to the Nanda empire of Magadha. Ashoka also built a monolithic pillar at Sankisa, which was noticed by the Chinese traveller, Fa-hien. A large number of coins were found at places like Mathura and Kannauj and in Panchala region which are supposed to be associated with the Mitra rulers. The basis of the coins are generally believed to have flourished between C.100 B.C. and C.200 A.D.

Kannauj was a famous and important city in the second century is also attested to by its mention under the name of Kangora or Kanogiza by the geographer, Ptolemy (C.140 A.D.). The present district of Farrukhabad shared the fruits of the golden age of the Guptas and contributed much towards its peace and prosperity.
<h2><span id=”Geography” class=”mw-headline”>Geography</span></h2>
The district is a level plane, varied only by a few gentle undulations and slopes, sometimes abrupt, which lead down to the river valleys. The highest recorded elevation is 167m. above sea level at Mohammadabad and the lowest 145.69 m. at Mau Rasulpur in the Trans Ganga flats of Tehsil Farrukhabad. The only marked variation of level is between the two divisions, the upland or bangar, which is a continuation of the doab and the low lands or Tarais, cut away from the upland by the erosive action of the rivers.The climate of the district is characterised by a hot dry summer and a pleasant cold season.
<h2><span id=”Demographics” class=”mw-headline”>Demographics</span></h2>
As of 2011 India census, Farrukhabad had a population of 275,754 along with Fatehgarh. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Farrukhabad has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 58%. In Farrukhabad-cum-Fatehgarh, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Sex ratio of Farrukhabad is 874 per 1000 male.
<h2><span id=”District_administration” class=”mw-headline”>District administration</span></h2>
The Farrukhabad district consist of three tehsils with a total area of 2,28,830 Ha; has 7 Blocks, 512 Gram Panchayats, 1020 Revenue villages, 14 police stations, 2 Nagar Palikas and 4 Nagar Panchayats (Town Area) and one Cantt. Board with total population of 15.70 Lacs.

Civil administration is headed by a District Magistrate of IAS rank. Law and Order situation is controlled by Superintendent of Police of IPS rank.
<h2><span id=”Culture_and_lifestyle” class=”mw-headline”>Culture and lifestyle</span></h2>
With the culture and traditions of ancient Vedic civilization (known as Hinduism) and its principles, Farrukhabad region had a place for all religions, castes, sects and creeds. Farrukhabad is known for its diverse culture. Religious faiths such as Islam, Christianity and Sikhism lead a harmonious, peaceful existence.

<b>Language and festivals</b>

Hindi is the main language of communication in the city while Urdu is the other widely spoken language that can be noticed in this city. The famous Hindi poet Mahadevi Varmawas born in this city. Most of the Muslims in the city speak Urdu as their mother tongue, though they are fluent in Hindi. The culture is vibrant with many festivals (that have been celebrated over thousands of years). These festivals observed with great pomp and splendour are: Deepavali, Holi, Rama Navami, Sankranti, Shivaratri, Navratri, Vijaya Dashami, Ekadasi, Karthika Purnima. Also, noticeable are festivals include Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr, Muharram, Ramadan.
<h3><span id=”City_lifestyle” class=”mw-headline”>City lifestyle</span></h3>
The city’s lifestyle has a mixture of both urban and rural with some cosmopolitan element. Like any typical Indian city, the majority of the population is from middle class and lower-middle-class families. With decent cost of living and most basic amenities readily available, the city has a balanced lifestyle. Farrukhabad is known for its fusion of traditional Indian and Western cultures. Locals wear both Indian style and Western style clothing. The common clothing for women is a Saree, Salwar and for men its Shirt, Trousers and Dhoti-Kurta.
<h2><span id=”Economy” class=”mw-headline”>Economy</span></h2>
<h3><span id=”Agriculture” class=”mw-headline”>Agriculture</span></h3>
Farrukhabad is one of the biggest producers of potatoes and a significantly producer of wheat, watermelon, pulses, vegetables and oil seeds. The Ganges plays an important role in irrigation system of district. Most of the regions in district are capable of producing three crops per year and all with very high average yield. Kaimganj tehsil is a noted producer of mangoes and guava.
<h3><span id=”Infrastructure” class=”mw-headline”>Infrastructure</span></h3>
Infrastructure is quite good for the city. City has a mall and high class hotels like Hindustan, Surya Hotel, Rajputana Hotel, Vinayasha Hotel, and BS Mension. Leading brands like Godown, Canary London, Koutons, Priknit,Peter England,Graceful Creations, Cotton County, Outlaw and Action shoes have opened their outlets in the city.

Banks like – Axis, state bank, HDFC, ICICI, PNB, etc. are also there. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital is government hospital.
<h3><span id=”Industries” class=”mw-headline”>Industries</span></h3>
Farrukhabad is a biggest producer of potatoes in the state and supplies it to all over India. Farrukhabad has a large number of cold stores as Potato is the biggest agricultural product of the district.

Hand-embroidery work (here called as Zardozi work) is also a large industry, which employs thousands of workers.

Textile ministry of India in collaboration with state government has established a Textile Park. City is famous for textile printing and over the last 200 years has been a source of income of local craftsmen. More than 250 textile entrepreneurs have shown interest in the project.This textile Park will help bringing the district into the national map. Apart from revenue it will create enough job opportunities for the local youth.

Being an agriculture oriented economy, lots of food processing units have been set up by the local businessmen. City has lots of cold stores, transportation, logistics and food catering companies. Many Beedi, Paan masala and Gutkha manufacturers have their units in the outskirts of the city. Namkeen is one more commodity for which city is known for. Namkeen is exported to nearby cities and states from the city.

There, Beetle-nut (Supari) is also processed to make sweet supari and is a famous product of Farrukhabad.

Farrukhabad is one of the most fertile<span style=”font-size: 11px;”> </span>regions in India. It is one of the biggest producers of potatoes and a significantly good producer of wheat, watermelon, pulses, vegetables and oil seeds and sugar cane.The Ganges plays an important role in irrigation system of district, tube wells are also main contributor with monsoon. Most of the regions in district are capable of producing three crops per year and all with very high acreage yield. Kaimganj Tehsil is a major producer of tobacco, guavas and mangoes. Most of the agricultural products are either transported to the nearby states or exported outside the country.
<h2><span id=”Transportation” class=”mw-headline”>Transportation</span></h2>
<h2><span id=”Railways” class=”mw-headline”>Railways</span></h2>
Farrukhabad comes under North Eastern Railways. Farrukhabad Junction is the biggest and important railway station on Lucknow-Mathura route (via Kanpur). Farrukhabad is well connected to cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Jaipur,Gorakhpur, Lucknow, Ajmer, Kanpur, Mathura, Agra and Mumbai. Few years down the line Farrukhabad will be connected to other important cities to promote trade, tourism, healthcare and education in the region. Railways is playing a major role in the economic development of the city.
<h3><span id=”Roadways” class=”mw-headline”>Roadways</span></h3>
Farrukhabad is a part of Ganga Expressway, ambitious project worth of 40,000 crores to provide high speed connectivity between eastern and western parts of the state. The city has a bus station belonging to State Road Transport System. It is connected to all the nearby cities through various national and state highways. Common mode of road transport within the city are cars, motorcycles, buses, auto-rickshaws and peddal rickshaws.
<h3><span id=”Airways” class=”mw-headline”>Airways</span></h3>
Farrukhabad has an airstrip at Mohammadabad so that in case of any natural calamity it can be reached easily by small aircraft and helicopters.

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